The Government also encourages life-long learning under the Qualifications Framework. To open up more study pathways for sub-degree graduates, the number of senior year undergraduate places funded by UGC will be doubled to 8 000 a year (i.e. around 4 000 intakes) by phases starting from the 2012/13 academic year. This will provide outstanding sub-degree graduates with more opportunities for articulation to the last two years of undergraduate programmes under the new academic structure. As for self-financing top-up degree programmes, the number of intake places has been doubled from around 3 000 in the 2010/11 academic year to 6 500 in the 2012/13 academic year to provide even more opportunities for sub-degree graduates to pursue further studies.